The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898

Emma Helen Blair
땢The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898

The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898,
Ed. by Blair and Robertson This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at
Title: The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume XIII., 1604-1605
Author: Ed. by Blair and Robertson
Release Date: February 26, 2005 [EBook #15184]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ASCII

Produced by Jeroen Hellingman and the PG Distributed Proofreaders Team

The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898
Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century,
Volume XIII, 1604-1605

Edited and annotated by Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson with historical introduction and additional notes by Edward Gaylord Bourne.

Preface 9 Relacion de las Islas Filipinas (concluded) Pedro Chirino, S.J.; Roma, 1604 2 Documents of 1604
Letters to Felipe III. Pedro de Acuna; Manila, July 15 and 19 221 Decrees regarding religious orders. Felipe III, and others; Valladolid, February-July 246 Grant to the Jesuit seminary at Cebu. Pedro Chirino; [undated; 1604?] 251 Decree regulating commerce with Nueva Espana. Felipe III; Valladolid, December 31 256
Documents of 1605
Complaints against the Chinese. Miguel de Benavides, and others; Manila, February 3-9 271 Letter from a Chinese official to Acuna. Chincheo, March 287 Letters from Augustinian friars to Felipe III. Estevan Carillo, and others; Manila, May 4-June 20 292 Letter to Felipe III. Antonio de Ribera Maldonado; Manila, June 28 307
Bibliographical Data 317

Autograph signature of Pedro Chirino, S.J.; photographic facsimile from MS. in Archivo general de Indias, Sevilla 215 Autograph signatures of Pedro de Acuna and members of the Audiencia; photographic facsimile from MS. in Archivo general de Indias, Sevilla 243

The larger part of the present volume is occupied with the Relacion of the Jesuit Chirino, begun in Vol. XII, and here concluded. In this work is recorded the progress of the Jesuit missions up to the year 1602, by which time they have been established not only in Luzon and Cebu, but in Bohol, Leyte, Negros, Samar, and northern Mindanao. The arrival of the visitor Garcia in 1599 results in new vigor and more thorough organization in the missions, and the numbers of those baptized in each rapidly increase. The missionaries are able to uproot idolatry in many places, and greatly check its practice in others. Everywhere they introduce, with great acceptance and edification among the natives, the practice of flagellation--"the procession of blood." Religious confraternities are formed among the converts, greatly aiding the labors of the fathers; and the latter open schools for boys, among both the Spaniards and the Indians. In time of pestilence they minister to the sick and the dying; and they gain great influence among all classes. They secure the good-will of hostile natives, quell a threatened revolt among those of Leyte, and reclaim certain outlaws and bandits. The Spaniards also receive their ministrations, especially in Manila; the fathers adjust dissensions and family quarrels, and reform several dissolute persons. The college at Manila prospers, and enlarges its curriculum. The labors of the Jesuits effect certain important changes in social conditions among the natives. Usury, unjust enslavement, and polygamy are greatly lessened, and sometimes entirely abolished, among the Indians in the mission districts; and most notable of these results, the fathers have much success in gathering not only their own converts, but even many of the wild and savage mountaineers, into villages under their personal care and supervision.
A new monastic order, the Augustinian Recollects, is permitted to send missionaries to the islands. Little of importance occurs there in 1604; but among the Spaniards there is much fear of an invasion by the Chinese, in revenge for the late slaughter of their countrymen in Luzon. Yet the cupidity or laxity of the officials has permitted the number of Chinese resident in the islands to increase beyond proper limits; and the archbishop of Manila endeavors to secure strict enforcement of the laws against this dangerous immigration. The leading officials of the Augustinian order complain (1605) of their provincial as unscrupulous and overbearing, and ask for relief and the suitable adjustment of the affairs of their province.
Chirino's narrative of the Jesuit missions (here concluded) narrates events from 1598 onward. In June of that year Father Vera goes to obtain more missionaries from Europe. In Mexico he meets orders from the general of the Jesuit order that Diego Garcia shall go with a reenforcement of laborers to the Philippines. In Manila, during that year, the
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