Notes and Queries, Number 75, April 5, 1851

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and Queries, Number 75, April 5, 1851, by Various

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Title: Notes and Queries, Number 75, April 5, 1851 A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc.
Author: Various
Other: George Bell
Release Date: November 7, 2007 [EBook #23402]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

Produced by Charlene Taylor, Jonathan Ingram, Keith Edkins and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Library of Early Journals.)

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"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
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No. 75.] SATURDAY, APRIL 5. 1851. [Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.
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NOTES:-- Page
Two Chancellors, by Edward Foss 257
Illustrations of Chaucer, No. III. 258
Folk Lore:--Cure of Hooping Cough--Charms from Devonshire--Lent Lilies--Oak Webs, &c. 258
The Threnodia Carolina of Sir Thomas Herbert, by Bolton Corney 259
Minor Notes:--Shakspeare's Venus and Adonis--Moorfields in Charles II.'s Time--Derivation of Yankee--A Word to Literary Men 260
Poems of John Seguard of Norwich, by Sir F. Madden 261
Epitaph on the Countess of Pembroke 262
Minor Queries:--The Vellum-bound Junius--What is a Tye?--"Marriage is such a Rabble Rout"--Arms of Robert Nelson--Knebsend or Nebsend, co. York --Moore's Almanack--Archbishop Loftus--Matrix of Monastic Seal--Syriac Scriptures and Lexicon-- Villiers Duke of Buckingham--Porci solidi-pedes-- The Heywood Family--Was Charles II. ever in Wales?--Dog's Head in the Pot--"Poor Alinda's growing old" 262
MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED:--Who was the Author of "The Modest Enquiry, &c."?--William Penn's Family --Deal, Dover, and Harwich--Author of Broad Stone of Honour--Pope Joan--The Well o' the World's End--Sides and Angles--Meaning of Ratche --"Feast of Reason," &c.--Tu autem 264
Barons of Hugh Lupus 266
Edmund Prideaux and the First Post-office 266
Lady Jane of Westmoreland 268
Replies to Minor Queries:--Ulm Manuscript--Father Maximilian Hell--Meaning of "strained" as used by Shakspeare--Headings of Chapters in English Bibles 269
Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 269
Books and Odd Volumes wanted 270
Notices to Correspondents 270
Advertisements 271
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Although neither your readers nor I are politicians enough to interfere in the changes proposed with reference to the office of Lord Chancellor, I doubt not that some of them, now the subject is on the tapis, may feel interested in a fact connected with it, which our ancient records disclose: namely, that on one occasion there were two chancellors acting at the same time for several months together, and both regularly appointed by the king.
It is an unique instance, occurring in the reign of Edward IV.: the two chancellors being Thomas Rotheram, Bishop of Lincoln, and John Alcock, Bishop of Rochester. The former received the Great Seal in May, 1474, in the fourteenth year of the reign, and without any doubt continued chancellor till the king's death; and yet, from April to September in the following year, the latter was also addressed by the same title. During that interval of five months, there are numerous writs of Privy Seal addressed by the king to both, in which each of them is styled "our chancellor."
This curious circumstance may be thus accounted for. King Edward had for some time been contemplating an invasion of France; and when his preparations were completed (about April), as he required his chancellor, Bishop Rotheram, to attend him on the expedition, it became necessary to provide some competent person to transact the business of the Chancery in his absence. On previous occasions of this nature, it had been usual to place the seal that was used in England, when the king was abroad, in the hands of the Master of the Rolls, or some other master in Chancery, with the title of Keeper: but, for some unexplained reason (perhaps because Bishop Alcock was a man whom the king delighted to honour), this prelate was dignified with the superior designation, although Bishop Rotheram still retained it. The voyage being delayed from April to July, during the whole of that period, each being in England, both acted in the same character; Privy Seals, as I have said, being sent to both, and bills in Chancery being addressed also to Bishop Alcock as chancellor. Rotheram was with the king in France as his chancellor, and is so described on opening the negotiation in August, which led to the discreditable peace by which Edward made himself a pensioner to the French king. No Privy Seals were addressed to Alcock after September 28; which may therefore be considered the close of this double chancellorship, and the date of Bishop Rotheram's return to England.
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