Notes and Queries, Number 71, March 8, 1851

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and Queries, Number 71, March 8, 1851, by Various

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Title: Notes and Queries, Number 71, March 8, 1851 A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc.
Author: Various
Editor: George Bell
Release Date: October 26, 2007 [EBook #23205]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

Produced by Charlene Taylor, Jonathan Ingram, Keith Edkins and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Library of Early Journals.)

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"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
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No. 71.] SATURDAY, MARCH 8. 1851. [Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.
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NOTES:-- Page
On Two Passages in "All's Well that Ends Well," by S. W. Singer 177
George Herbert and the Church of Leighton Bromswold 178
Folk Lore:--Sacramental Wine--"Snail, Snail, come out of your Hole"--Nievie-nick-nack 179
Records at Malta 180
On an Ancient MS. of "Bed? Historia Ecclesiastica" 180
Minor Queries:--The Potter's and Shepherd's Keepsakes-- Writing-paper--Little Casterton (Rutland) Church--The Hippopotamus--Specimens of Foreign English--St. Clare--Dr. Dodd--Hats of Cardinals and Notaries Apostolic--Baron Munchausen's Frozen Horn--Contracted Names of Places 181
Bibliographical Queries 182
Enigmatical Epitaph 184
Shakspeare's "Merchant of Venice" 185
Minor Queries:--Was Lord Howard of Effingham a Protestant or a Papist?--Lord Bexley: how descended from Cromwell--Earl of Shaftesbury--Family of Peyton--"La Rose nait en un Moment"--John Collard the Logician--Traherne's Sheriffs of Glamorgan-- Haybands in Seals--Edmund Prideaux, and the First Post-office--William Tell Legend--Arms of Cottons buried in Landwade Church--Sir George Buc's Treatise on the Stage--A Cracowe Pike--St. Thomas of Trunnions--Paper mill near Stevenage-- Mounds, Munts, Mounts--Church Chests--The Cross-bill--Iovanni Volpe--Auriga--To speak in Lutestring--"Lavora, come se tu," &c.--Tomb of Chaucer--Family of Clench 185
Cranmer's Descendants 188
Dutch Popular Song-book, by J. H. van Lennep 189
Barons of Hugh Lupus 189
Shakspeare's "Antony and Cleopatra" 190
"Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon!" 191
Replies to Minor Queries:--Ulm Manuscript--Harrison's Chronology--Mistletoe on Oaks--Swearing by Swans--Jurare ad caput animalium--Ten Children at a Birth--Richard Standfast--"Jurat, crede minus"-- Rab Surdam--The Scaligers--Lincoln Missal-- By-and-bye--Gregory the Great--True Blue-- Drachmarus--The Brownes of Cowdray, Sussex-- Red Hand--Anticipations of Modern Ideas by Defoe-- Meaning of Waste-book--Deus Justificatus-- Touchstone's Dial--Ring Dials--Cockade--Rudbeck's Atlantica, &c. 191
Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 198
Books and Odd Volumes wanted 199
Notices to Correspondents 199
Advertisements 200
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Among the few passages in Shakspeare upon which little light has been thrown, after all that has been written about them, are the following in Act. IV. Sc. 2. of All's Well that Ends Well, where Bertram is persuading Diana to yield to his desires:
"Bert. I pr'ythee, do not strive against my vows: I was compell'd to her; but I love thee By love's own sweet constraint, and will for ever Do thee all rights of service.
Dia. Ay, so you serve us, Till we serve you: but when you have our roses, You barely leave our thorns to prick ourselves, And mock us with our bareness.
Bert. How have I sworn?
Dia. 'Tis not the many oaths that make the truth; But the plain single vow, that is vow'd true. What is not holy, that we swear not by, But take the Highest to witness: Then, pray you, tell me, If I should swear by Jove's great attributes, I love'd you dearly, would you believe my oaths, When I did love you ill? this has no holding, To swear by him whom I protest to love, That I will work against him."
Read--"when I protest to Love."
It is evident that Diana refers to Bertram's double vows, his marriage vow, and the subsequent vow or protest he had made not to keep it. "If I should swear by Jove I loved you dearly, would you believe my oath when I loved you ill? This has no consistency, to swear by Jove, when secretly I protest to Love that I will work against him (i.e. against the oath I have taken to Jove)."
Bertram had sworn by the Highest to love his wife; in his letter to his mother he says:
"I have wedded her, not bedded her, and sworn to make the not eternal:"
he secretly protests to Love to work against his sacred oath; and in his following speech he says:
"Be not so cruel-holy, Love is holy."
He had before said:
"----do not strive against my vows: I was compell'd to her; but I love thee By Love's own sweet constraint:"
clearly indicating that this must be the true sense of the passage. By printing when for whom, and Love with a capital letter, to indicate the personification,
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