Notes and Queries, Number 58, December 7, 1850

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Notes and Queries, Number 58,
December 7,
by Various

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December 7,
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Title: Notes and Queries, Number 58, December 7, 1850 A Medium of
Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, Antiquaries,
Geneologists, etc.
Author: Various
Editor: George Bell
Release Date: May 16, 2007 [EBook #21503]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

Produced by Charlene Taylor, Jonathan Ingram, Keith Edkins and the
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Internet Library of Early Journals.)

* * * * *
"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
* * * * *
No. 58.] SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1850. [Price Threepence.
Stamped Edition 4d.
* * * * *
NOTES:-- Page Further Notes on the Hippopotamus 457 Parallel
Passages: Coleridge, Hooker, Butler, by J. E. B. Mayor 458 Shakspeare
and the old English Actors in Germany, by Albert Cohn 459 Ten
Children at a Birth 459 George Herbert and Bemerton Church, by H. T.
Ellacombe 460 Minor Notes:--Lord Mayor's Show in 1701--Sir
Thomas Phillipps's MSS.--Translation from Owen, &c.--Epigram on
the late Bull--Bailie Nicol Jarvie--Hogs not Pigs--The Baptized Turk
QUERIES:-- Gray--Dryden--Playing Cards 462 Minor
Queries:--Pretended Reprint of Ancient Poetry--The Jews' Spring
Gardens--Cardinal Allen's Admonition to the Nobility--"Clarum et
venerabile Nomen"--Whipping by Women--Lærig--MS. History of
Winchester School--Benedicite--The Church History Society--Pope

Ganganelli--Sir George Downing--Solemnization of
Matrimony--Passage in Bishop Butler--The Duke of Wharton's Poetical
Works--Titus Oates--Translations of Erasmus' Colloquies and
Apuleius' Golden Ass, &c. 463
REPLIES:-- Holme MSS.--The Cradocks 465 Antiquity of Smoking
465 Antiquitas Sæculi Juventus Mundi 466 Albemarle, Title of, by
Lord Braybrooke 466 Replies to Minor Queries:--Cromwell
Poisoned--"Never did Cardinal bring Good to England"--Gloves not
worn in the Presence of Royalty--Nonjurors' Oratories in
London--"Filthy Gingran"--Michael Scott--The Widow of the
Wood--Modum Promissionis--End of Easter--First Earl of
Roscommon--Dryden's "Absolom and Achitophel"--Cabalistic
Author--Becket--Aërostation--Kilt--Bacon Family, &c. 467
Miscellaneous:-- Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 470 Books
and Odd Volumes Wanted 470 Notices to Correspondents 470
* * * * *
The following remarks are supplementary to a note on the
hippopotamus in Vol. ii, p. 35. In that note the exhibition of the
hippopotamus at the Roman games is not traced lower than the time of
the Emperor Commodus. Helagabalus, however, 218-22 A.D., had
hippopotami among the various rare animals which he displayed in
public as a part of his state. (Lamprid. c. 28) A hippopotamus was
likewise in the vast collection of animals which were prepared for the
Persian triumph of Gordian III., but were exhibited at the secular games
celebrated by the Emperor Philip in the 1000th year of Rome, 248 A.D.
(Capitol. in Gordian. Tert., c. 33.) In the seventh eclogue of Calpurnius,
a countryman describes the animals which he saw in the Roman
amphitheatre, among which is the hippopotamus:
"Non solum nobis silvestria cernere monstra Contigit; æquoreos ego

cum certantibus ursis Spectavi vitulos, et equorum nomine dignum, Sed
deforme genus, quod in illo nascitur amni Qui sata riparum venientibus
irrigat undis." VII. 64--8.
Calpurnius is generally referred to the time of Carus and Numerian,
about 283 A.D.; but his date is not determined by any satisfactory proof.
(See Dr. Smith's Dict. of Ancient Biog. and Myth. in v.)
There is no trace of a live hippopotamus having been brought to Europe
between the time specified in the last of these testimonies and the
middle of the sixteenth century. When Belon visited Constantinople, he
saw there a living hippopotamus, which had been brought from the
"L'animal que j'ai veu vivant à Constantinople (he says), apporté du Nil,
convenoit en toutes marques avec ceulx qu'on voit gravez en diverses
medales des Empereurs."--Observations, liv. ii. c. 32. fol. 103. b. ed.
Belon returned to Paris from the Levant in the year 1550. In his work
on fishes, p. 17., he speaks of another Frenchman, lately returned from
Constantinople, who had seen the same animal. (See Schneider on
Artedi Synonym. Piscium, p. 267.) P. Gillius likewise, who visited
Constantinople in 1550, saw there the same hippopotamus, as he states
in his description of the elephant, Hamburg, 114. (Schneider, Ib. p.
Your correspondent, MR. G. S. JACKSON (Vol. ii., p. 277.)
controverts the opinion expressed in my former note, that none of the
Greek writers had seen a live hippopotamus. He thinks that
"Herodotus's way of speaking would
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