Notes and Queries, Number 58, December 7, 1850

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Notes and Queries, Number 58, December 7,?by Various

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Title: Notes and Queries, Number 58, December 7, 1850 A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, Antiquaries, Geneologists, etc.
Author: Various
Editor: George Bell
Release Date: May 16, 2007 [EBook #21503]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
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NOTES AND QUERIES:
A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION FOR LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC.
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"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
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No. 58.] SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1850. [Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.
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CONTENTS.
NOTES:-- Page Further Notes on the Hippopotamus 457 Parallel Passages: Coleridge, Hooker, Butler, by J. E. B. Mayor 458 Shakspeare and the old English Actors in Germany, by Albert Cohn 459 Ten Children at a Birth 459 George Herbert and Bemerton Church, by H. T. Ellacombe 460 Minor Notes:--Lord Mayor's Show in 1701--Sir Thomas Phillipps's MSS.--Translation from Owen, &c.--Epigram on the late Bull--Bailie Nicol Jarvie--Hogs not Pigs--The Baptized Turk 460
QUERIES:-- Gray--Dryden--Playing Cards 462 Minor Queries:--Pretended Reprint of Ancient Poetry--The Jews' Spring Gardens--Cardinal Allen's Admonition to the Nobility--"Clarum et venerabile Nomen"--Whipping by Women--L?rig--MS. History of Winchester School--Benedicite--The Church History Society--Pope Ganganelli--Sir George Downing--Solemnization of Matrimony--Passage in Bishop Butler--The Duke of Wharton's Poetical Works--Titus Oates--Translations of Erasmus' Colloquies and Apuleius' Golden Ass, &c. 463
REPLIES:-- Holme MSS.--The Cradocks 465 Antiquity of Smoking 465 Antiquitas S?culi Juventus Mundi 466 Albemarle, Title of, by Lord Braybrooke 466 Replies to Minor Queries:--Cromwell Poisoned--"Never did Cardinal bring Good to England"--Gloves not worn in the Presence of Royalty--Nonjurors' Oratories in London--"Filthy Gingran"--Michael Scott--The Widow of the Wood--Modum Promissionis--End of Easter--First Earl of Roscommon--Dryden's "Absolom and Achitophel"--Cabalistic Author--Becket--A?rostation--Kilt--Bacon Family, &c. 467
Miscellaneous:-- Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 470 Books and Odd Volumes Wanted 470 Notices to Correspondents 470
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NOTES.
FURTHER NOTES ON THE HIPPOPOTAMUS.
The following remarks are supplementary to a note on the hippopotamus in Vol. ii, p. 35. In that note the exhibition of the hippopotamus at the Roman games is not traced lower than the time of the Emperor Commodus. Helagabalus, however, 218-22 A.D., had hippopotami among the various rare animals which he displayed in public as a part of his state. (Lamprid. c. 28) A hippopotamus was likewise in the vast collection of animals which were prepared for the Persian triumph of Gordian III., but were exhibited at the secular games celebrated by the Emperor Philip in the 1000th year of Rome, 248 A.D. (Capitol. in Gordian. Tert., c. 33.) In the seventh eclogue of Calpurnius, a countryman describes the animals which he saw in the Roman amphitheatre, among which is the hippopotamus:
"Non solum nobis silvestria cernere monstra Contigit; ?quoreos ego cum certantibus ursis Spectavi vitulos, et equorum nomine dignum, Sed deforme genus, quod in illo nascitur amni Qui sata riparum venientibus irrigat undis." VII. 64--8.
Calpurnius is generally referred to the time of Carus and Numerian, about 283 A.D.; but his date is not determined by any satisfactory proof. (See Dr. Smith's Dict. of Ancient Biog. and Myth. in v.)
There is no trace of a live hippopotamus having been brought to Europe between the time specified in the last of these testimonies and the middle of the sixteenth century. When Belon visited Constantinople, he saw there a living hippopotamus, which had been brought from the Nile:
"L'animal que j'ai veu vivant ¨¤ Constantinople (he says), apport¨¦ du Nil, convenoit en toutes marques avec ceulx qu'on voit gravez en diverses medales des Empereurs."--Observations, liv. ii. c. 32. fol. 103. b. ed. 1564.
Belon returned to Paris from the Levant in the year 1550. In his work on fishes, p. 17., he speaks of another Frenchman, lately returned from Constantinople, who had seen the same animal. (See Schneider on Artedi Synonym. Piscium, p. 267.) P. Gillius likewise, who visited Constantinople in 1550, saw there the same hippopotamus, as he states in his description of the elephant, Hamburg, 114. (Schneider, Ib. p. 316.)
Your correspondent, MR. G. S. JACKSON (Vol. ii., p. 277.) controverts the opinion expressed in my former note, that none of the Greek writers had seen a live hippopotamus. He thinks that "Herodotus's way of speaking would seem to show that he was describing from his own observation;" and he infers that the animal was found at that time as far north as the Delta, from the fact, mentioned by
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