Lippincotts Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 22. October, 1878

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Lippincott's Magazine of Popular
by Various

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Title: Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume
22. October, 1878.
Author: Various
Release Date: August 21, 2006 [EBook #19093]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

Produced by Juliet Sutherland, Christine D. and the Online Distributed
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OCTOBER, 1878.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1878, by J.B.
LIPPINCOTT & CO., in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at
The history of England is written in living characters in the provincial
towns of the kingdom; and it is this which gives such interest to places
which have been surpassed commercially by great manufacturing
centres and overshadowed socially by the attractions of London. The
local nobility once held state little less than royal in houses whose
beautiful architecture now masks a hotel, a livery-stable, a girls' school,
a lawyer's office or a workingmen's club, and there are places where
almost every cottage, every wooden balcony or overhanging oriel,
suggests something romantic and antique. Even if no positive
association is connected with one of these humbler specimens of
English domestic architecture, you can fall back on the traditional
home of love and poetry, the recollections of idyls and pastorals daily
acted out by unconscious illustrators of the poets from one generation
to another. Modern life engrafted on these old towns and villages seems
prosaic and unattractive, though practically it is that which first strikes
the eye. New fronts mask old buildings, as new manners do old virtues;
and if we come to the frame and adjuncts of daily life, we must confess
that nineteenth-century trivialities are intrinsically no worse than
mediæval trivialities.

There are in Warwick more modern houses and smart shops than
ancient gabled and half-timbered houses, but the relics of the past are
still striking: witness the ancient porch of the good old "Malt-Shovel,"
with its bow-window, in which the Dudley retainers often caroused,
and the oblique gables in one of the side streets, which Rimmer, a
minute observer of English domestic architecture, thus describes: "An
acute-angled street may be made to contain rectangular rooms on an
upper story.... Draw an acute angle--say something a little less than a
right angle--and cut it into compartments; or, if preferred, an obtuse
angle, and cut this into compartments also. Now, the roadway may be
so prescribed as to prevent right angles from being made on the
basement, but the complementary angles are ingeniously made out by
allowing the joists to be of extra length, and cutting the ends off when
they come to the square. The effect is extremely picturesque, and I
cannot remember seeing this peculiar piece of construction elsewhere."
At the western end of High street stands Leicester's Hospital, which
was originally a hall belonging to two guilds, but, coming into
possession of the Dudleys, was converted into a hospital by Elizabeth's
favorite in 1571. The "master" was to belong to the Established Church,
and the "brethren" were to be retainers of the earl of Leicester and his
heirs, preference being given to those who had served and been
disabled in the wars. The act of incorporation gives a list of
neighboring towns and villages, and specifies that queen's soldiers from
these, in rotation, are to have the next presentations. There is a common
kitchen, with a cook and porter, and each brother receives some eighty
pounds per annum, besides the privileges of the house. Early in this
century the number of inmates was increased to twenty-two, unlike
many such institutions, whose funded property accumulated without
the original number of patients or the amount of their pensions being
correspondingly increased. The hospital-men still wear the old
uniform--a gown of blue cloth, with the silver badge of the Dudleys,
the bear and ragged staff. The chapel has been restored in nearly the old
form, and stretches over the pathway, with a promenade at the top of
the flight of steps round it, and the black-and-white (or half-timbered)
building that forms the hospital encloses a spacious open quadrangle in
the style common to hostelries. The carvings are very fine and varied,

and add greatly to the beauty of the galleries and covered stair. The
monastic charities founded by men of the old religion are now in the
hands of
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